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TitleCommunity maintenance of handpumps
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication1990
AuthorsCleaver, F.
Pagination147 p.: tab., fig.
Date Published1990-01-01
PublisherUniversity of Zimbabwe, Department of Rural and Urban Planning
Place PublishedHarare, Zimbabwe
Keywordsblair pumps, bucket pumps, bush pumps, caretakers, case studies, community management, community participation, equipment failure, hand pumps, institutional framework, maintenance, rural supply systems, use of facilities, water committees, zimbabwe, zimbabwe manicaland buhera, zimbabwe mashonaland central shamva, zimbabwe mashonaland east mutoko, zimbabwe mashonaland west chegutu, zimbabwe matabeleland north tsholotsho, zimbabwe matabeleland south gwanda, zimbabwe midlands charter, zimbabwe victoria masvingo

Eight districts in Zimbabwe were the subjects of a study on the effectiveness of the Three Tier System of maintenance of handpumps. The first tier consists of a Waterpoint Committee at the user level, which is responsible for cleanliness, routine maintenance, and regulation of pump usage. Any faults or breakdowns are reported to the second tier, the Pump Minders, who are responsible for more skilled maintenance and repair. The third tier is the District Maintenance Team, who performs corrective maintenance and has the highest level of technical skills. Detailed district reports are presented, including descriptions of the committee members, type, age, location and number of breakdowns of the pumps, percieved and actual responsibilities of all three tiers by district, and the local water program. A comprehensive analysis of the three tier system is given, in which it is suggested that confusion as to the definition of responsibilities on each level has been in many cases counterproductive. An alternative system is proposed for a more user/community-oriented approach as well as recommendations for the existing Three Tier System.

NotesBibliography: p. 146-147
Custom 1232.2, 824
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