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The importance of behaviour in developing successful practises in water supply and sanitation

Development practitioners often have relied solely on technology and education imposed from the outside, rather than (a) assessing existing cultural practises in the community and (b) using them to encourage behaviour changes that - along with technology - will lead to improved health. Following a review of health impacts in water supply and sanitation, the author presents a case for using existing cultural practises as the basis for project design, thereby enabling planners to determine what changes in sanitation can reasonably be introduced within the community. This should be done before technologies and supporting programmes (such as hygiene education) are implemented. The article concludes with a hygiene behaviour model illustrating the relationship of behaviours to programme interventions.

TitleThe importance of behaviour in developing successful practises in water supply and sanitation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1994
AuthorsYacoob, M.
Paginationp. 11-16: 1 fig.
Date Published1994-01-01
Keywordsbehaviour, health impact, hygiene, models, sanitation, water supply
Abstract

Development practitioners often have relied solely on technology and education imposed from the outside, rather than (a) assessing existing cultural practises in the community and (b) using them to encourage behaviour changes that - along with technology - will lead to improved health. Following a review of health impacts in water supply and sanitation, the author presents a case for using existing cultural practises as the basis for project design, thereby enabling planners to determine what changes in sanitation can reasonably be introduced within the community. This should be done before technologies and supporting programmes (such as hygiene education) are implemented. The article concludes with a hygiene behaviour model illustrating the relationship of behaviours to programme interventions.

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