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Evaluation of rural water supply project Uttar Pradesh, India

Investment and the provision of water supply facilities are not sufficient to solve water supply problems or achieve health improvements in the rural areas of developing countries. Appropriate technologies, more efficient operational approaches with user involvement, and better management of resources are needed to help accelerate the accessibility and sustainability of safe drinking water sources. This study, focusing on the Varanasi region of Uttar Pradesh, sets out to assess the degree of functioning and utilization of completed water supply projects in the area, to assess the willingness to pay for a demanded water supply system, and to rank the various water supply projects using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) with a view to finding an analytical tool to indicate the most efficient water supply projects to serve as a basis for designing more efficient future projects. Details of rural supply and sanitation projects in Uttar Pradesh are set in the context of a general description of water supply in India. A literature study concerned with project evaluation leads to the choice of MEP (Minimum Evaluation Procedure) to assess service level, CVM (Contingent Valuation Method) to assess the economic value of water supply service, and DEA as a statistical tool to find the relative efficiency of different projects considering technical, financial, social, economic and institutional factors as input and reliability and utilization factors as output. The field study, a technical, financial and institutional analysis of water projects in Varanasi, is described and followed by a discussion of the performance of water supply projects at micro level with reference to such aspects as utilization, dependability, and willingness to pay. The study concludes that while all projects suffer from some degree of operational and maintenance problems and poor reliability, DEA shows that India Mark II handpump projects and small piped water supply projects are relatively more efficient. It also concludes that the DEA technique which identifies the relative efficiency of a project and its field of inefficiencies, is a useful tool for managers in the water supply sector.

TitleEvaluation of rural water supply project Uttar Pradesh, India
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsSingh, R.
Secondary TitleM.Sc. Thesis S.E.E. / IHE
Volumeno. 044
Paginationxiii, 108 p. + annexes (ca. 30 p.) : 15 fig., 30 fig.
Date Published1998-04-01
PublisherIHE (International Institute for Infrastructural, Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering)
Place PublishedDelft, The Netherlands
Keywordsevaluation, evaluation methods, india uttar pradesh varanasi district, institutional framework, maintenance, operation, projects, rural supply systems, safe water supply, sdiasi, sdiman, willingness to pay
Abstract

Investment and the provision of water supply facilities are not sufficient to solve water supply problems or achieve health improvements in the rural areas of developing countries. Appropriate technologies, more efficient operational approaches with user involvement, and better management of resources are needed to help accelerate the accessibility and sustainability of safe drinking water sources. This study, focusing on the Varanasi region of Uttar Pradesh, sets out to assess the degree of functioning and utilization of completed water supply projects in the area, to assess the willingness to pay for a demanded water supply system, and to rank the various water supply projects using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) with a view to finding an analytical tool to indicate the most efficient water supply projects to serve as a basis for designing more efficient future projects. Details of rural supply and sanitation projects in Uttar Pradesh are set in the context of a general description of water supply in India. A literature study concerned with project evaluation leads to the choice of MEP (Minimum Evaluation Procedure) to assess service level, CVM (Contingent Valuation Method) to assess the economic value of water supply service, and DEA as a statistical tool to find the relative efficiency of different projects considering technical, financial, social, economic and institutional factors as input and reliability and utilization factors as output. The field study, a technical, financial and institutional analysis of water projects in Varanasi, is described and followed by a discussion of the performance of water supply projects at micro level with reference to such aspects as utilization, dependability, and willingness to pay. The study concludes that while all projects suffer from some degree of operational and maintenance problems and poor reliability, DEA shows that India Mark II handpump projects and small piped water supply projects are relatively more efficient. It also concludes that the DEA technique which identifies the relative efficiency of a project and its field of inefficiencies, is a useful tool for managers in the water supply sector.

Notes56 ref.
Custom 1202.5, 822

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