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Working with government : the story of OPP's collaboration with state agencies for replicating its Low Cost Sanitation Programme

The Orangi Pilot Project (OPP) has been supporting the residents of Orangi Township (population 900,000), the largest katchi abadi or squatter settlement in Karachi, Pakistan, since its establishment in 1980. The most extensive programme of the OPP is its Low-Cost Sanitation Programme. In 1988, the OPP transformed its sanitation, housing, social forestry and rural programmes into a Research and Training Institute (RTI) for the development of katchi abadis. This book describes through four case studies, OPP's collaboration with international agencies and government departments in attempting to replicate its Low-Cost Sanitation Programme in the katchi abadis of three Pakistani cities. The first of these programmes, the Asian Development Bank funded Katchi Abadi Upgrading Programme in Karachi, was relatively successful but the OPP methodology was not institutionalized and as such has not been utilized as yet for other projects. The UNICEF supported Urban Basic Services Programme in Sukkur and the World Bank supported Collaborative Katchi Abadi Improvement Programme in Hyderabad both failed to meet their objectives. The Sindh Katchi Abadi Authority (SKAA)-OPP collaboration for the upgrading of katchi abadis in Sindh was successful in institutionalizing the OPP concept and methodology in a government department. Each case study gives the background to the project it is dealing with; the actors involved and their respective roles; the project implementation process; and project evaluation and conclusions that can be derived from it. The final chapter of the book lists the major conclusions that can be drawn from an analysis of the four projects and OPP's relationship with government and international agencies.

TitleWorking with government : the story of OPP's collaboration with state agencies for replicating its Low Cost Sanitation Programme
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsHasan, A.
Paginationxi, 269 p. : photogr.
Date Published1997-01-01
PublisherCity Press
Place PublishedKarachi, Pakistan
ISBN Number9698380000
Keywordscase studies, evaluation, government organizations, institutional framework, karachi metropolitan corporation (kmc) katchi abadi upgrading programme (pakistan), non-governmental organizations, orangi pilot project (karachi, pakistan), pakistan hyderabad, pakistan karachi, pakistan sind sukkur, projects, replicability, sanitation, sdiasi, sdicap, sdisan, sdiurb, squatter settlements, urban basic services programme, sukkur (pakistan), world bank collaborative katchi abadi improvement programme hyderabad (pakistan)
Abstract

The Orangi Pilot Project (OPP) has been supporting the residents of Orangi Township (population 900,000), the largest katchi abadi or squatter settlement in Karachi, Pakistan, since its establishment in 1980. The most extensive programme of the OPP is its Low-Cost Sanitation Programme. In 1988, the OPP transformed its sanitation, housing, social forestry and rural programmes into a Research and Training Institute (RTI) for the development of katchi abadis. This book describes through four case studies, OPP's collaboration with international agencies and government departments in attempting to replicate its Low-Cost Sanitation Programme in the katchi abadis of three Pakistani cities. The first of these programmes, the Asian Development Bank funded Katchi Abadi Upgrading Programme in Karachi, was relatively successful but the OPP methodology was not institutionalized and as such has not been utilized as yet for other projects. The UNICEF supported Urban Basic Services Programme in Sukkur and the World Bank supported Collaborative Katchi Abadi Improvement Programme in Hyderabad both failed to meet their objectives. The Sindh Katchi Abadi Authority (SKAA)-OPP collaboration for the upgrading of katchi abadis in Sindh was successful in institutionalizing the OPP concept and methodology in a government department. Each case study gives the background to the project it is dealing with; the actors involved and their respective roles; the project implementation process; and project evaluation and conclusions that can be derived from it. The final chapter of the book lists the major conclusions that can be drawn from an analysis of the four projects and OPP's relationship with government and international agencies.

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