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Implications of productive water needs on water resources

The allocation of water to previously disadvantaged sectors is an important concern throughout South Africa. In drier areas where available water resources are heavily utilised, such as the Sand River Catchment, this represents an even greater challenge. This paper addresses how catchment management reforms are being implemented to improve the allocation of water resources in South Africa, using the Sand as a case-study. It argues that as well as supporting emerging farmers to engage in small-scale irrigation, more emphasis needs to be given to the rural water supply sector and especially productive uses of domestic water at a household level (to support activities such as backyard irrigation, beer brewing, brick-making and construction). The paper considers: how the needs for water to support rural livelihoods can be articulated (to achieve policy changes) and supplies improved to promote productive water uses (given technical, economic, resource and other constraints); where additional water resources for productive water use at the household level (and small-scale irrigation) will come from; and, drawing upon experiences from the Water, Households and Rural Livelihoods (WHIRL) project (involving South Africa and Indian partners), how lessons can be learnt from some other countries (such as India) where water resources legislation and institutional reform have been largely unsuccessful to date.

TitleImplications of productive water needs on water resources
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsMokgope, K., Pollard, S., Butterworth, J., Association for Water and Rural Development -Acornhoek, ZA, AWARD
PaginationP. 390-393. : 3 boxes
Date Published2002-03-01
Keywordsintegrated approach, irrigation, sdiwrm, water resources management, water supply, water use, whirl (water, households and rural livelihoods) project
Abstract

The allocation of water to previously disadvantaged sectors is an important concern throughout South Africa. In drier areas where available water resources are heavily utilised, such as the Sand River Catchment, this represents an even greater challenge. This paper addresses how catchment management reforms are being implemented to improve the allocation of water resources in South Africa, using the Sand as a case-study. It argues that as well as supporting emerging farmers to engage in small-scale irrigation, more emphasis needs to be given to the rural water supply sector and especially productive uses of domestic water at a household level (to support activities such as backyard irrigation, beer brewing, brick-making and construction). The paper considers: how the needs for water to support rural livelihoods can be articulated (to achieve policy changes) and supplies improved to promote productive water uses (given technical, economic, resource and other constraints); where additional water resources for productive water use at the household level (and small-scale irrigation) will come from; and, drawing upon experiences from the Water, Households and Rural Livelihoods (WHIRL) project (involving South Africa and Indian partners), how lessons can be learnt from some other countries (such as India) where water resources legislation and institutional reform have been largely unsuccessful to date.

Notes10 ref. - Title of paper on WHIRL web site: Water resources and water supply for rural communities in the Sand River Catchment, South Africa http://www.nri.org/projects/WSS-IWRM/Reports/water%20resources%20and%20RWS%20in%20Sand%20(printed%20version).doc
Custom 1824, 205.2
Original PublicationWater resources and water supply for rural communities in the Sand River Catchment, South Africa

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