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Strategies for effective operation and maintenance of handpumps in Andhra Pradesh, India

The objective of this study was to review the performance of the handpump maintenance system under the Panchayat Raj Engineering Department (PRED) in Andhra Pradesh, India, and to suggest possible solutions to improve performance. Two districts where there is more use of handpumps and two-tier, one-tier maintenance systems are existing were selected for the study, which was undertaken in 8 Panchayats (4 in each district), including a total of 40 handpumps (30 India Mark II, 10 India Mark III). It was found that there was not much difference in the performance of the one-tier and the two-tier maintenance systems. Preventive maintenance and pump environment in both systems was found to be poor. India Mark III handpumps were found to be more efficient than India Mark II handpumps in all respects. The present system suffered from a shortage of operation and maintenance staff and a lack of an effective communication system for reporting handpump failures. There were no objective standards set for supervision and monitoring. There is also no feedback to the pump mechanics and caretakers. User involvement was also noted to be less. Some recommendations are provided on improving the existing situation.

TitleStrategies for effective operation and maintenance of handpumps in Andhra Pradesh, India
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsKalyan Chakravarthy, K.
Secondary TitleM.Sc. Thesis S.E.E. / IHE
Volumeno. 023
Paginationix, 113 p. : fig., photogr., tab.
Date Published1997-04-24
PublisherIHE (International Institute for Infrastructural, Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering)
Place PublishedDelft, The Netherlands
Keywordsevaluation, hand pumps, india andhra pradesh, india mark ii pumps, india mark iii pumps, literature reviews, maintenance, maintenance management systems, operation, sdiasi, sdiwat
Abstract

The objective of this study was to review the performance of the handpump maintenance system under the Panchayat Raj Engineering Department (PRED) in Andhra Pradesh, India, and to suggest possible solutions to improve performance. Two districts where there is more use of handpumps and two-tier, one-tier maintenance systems are existing were selected for the study, which was undertaken in 8 Panchayats (4 in each district), including a total of 40 handpumps (30 India Mark II, 10 India Mark III). It was found that there was not much difference in the performance of the one-tier and the two-tier maintenance systems. Preventive maintenance and pump environment in both systems was found to be poor. India Mark III handpumps were found to be more efficient than India Mark II handpumps in all respects. The present system suffered from a shortage of operation and maintenance staff and a lack of an effective communication system for reporting handpump failures. There were no objective standards set for supervision and monitoring. There is also no feedback to the pump mechanics and caretakers. User involvement was also noted to be less. Some recommendations are provided on improving the existing situation.

Notes36 ref.
Custom 1822, 232.2

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