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Subsidy or self-respect? : participatory total community sanitation in Bangladesh

This paper describes a programme to improve environmental sanitation in Bangladesh by constructing latrines following a new approach, pioneered by the author with Village Education Resource Centre, Water Aid, and other agencies: community-led total sanitation. The approach involved empowering local people to analyse the extent and risk of environmental pollution caused by open defecation, and to design and construct toilets without any external subsidies. The paper discusses the participatory methods used and the impact of the programme on livelihoods, health and women. It also mentions ongoing efforts to replicate the methodology in other countries in Asia and Africa. An annex presents design details of some of the community innovated models of toilets developed in different regions of Bangladesh.

TitleSubsidy or self-respect? : participatory total community sanitation in Bangladesh
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsKar, K.
Secondary TitleWorking paper / IDS
Volumeno. 184
Paginationx, 40 p. : 4 fig., 3 tab.
Date Published2003-09-01
PublisherInstitute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex
Place PublishedBrighton, UK
ISSN Number1858645255
Keywordsbangladesh, community participation, open defecation, participatory methods, pour flush latrines, replicability, rural areas, sdisan, socioeconomic impact, subsidies, women
Abstract

This paper describes a programme to improve environmental sanitation in Bangladesh by constructing latrines following a new approach, pioneered by the author with Village Education Resource Centre, Water Aid, and other agencies: community-led total sanitation. The approach involved empowering local people to analyse the extent and risk of environmental pollution caused by open defecation, and to design and construct toilets without any external subsidies. The paper discusses the participatory methods used and the impact of the programme on livelihoods, health and women. It also mentions ongoing efforts to replicate the methodology in other countries in Asia and Africa. An annex presents design details of some of the community innovated models of toilets developed in different regions of Bangladesh.

Notes9 ref.
Custom 1305.1, 302.8, 822

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