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TitleWater footprints of nations
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsChapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y.
Secondary TitleValue of water research report series / Unesco-IHE
Volumeno. 16
Pagination76 p. : fig., tab.
Date Published2004-12-01
PublisherUNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education
Place PublishedDelft, The Netherlands
Keywordseconomic aspects, research, sdiwrm, water resources management, water use

This study aims to assess and analyse the water footprints of nations. It applies the top-down approach, calculating the water footprint of a nation as the total use of domestic water resources plus the virtual water flows entering the country minus the virtual water flows leaving the country. The study builds on two earlier studies. In the first one the virtual water flows related to the international trade of crop products have been quantified. The second one is a similar study for livestock and livestock products. The concerned time period in these two studies is 1995-99. The present study takes the period of 1997-2001 and refines the earlier studies by making improvements and extensions. All countries depend to greater or lesser extent on the water resources of other countries.

Notes36 ref.
Custom 1210
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