|Title||How small water enterprises can contribute to the Millennium Development Goals : evidence from Dar es Salaam, Nairobi, Khartoum and Accra|
|Year of Publication||2006|
|Authors||McGranahan, G., Njiru, C., Albu, M., Smith, M., Mitlin, D.|
|Pagination||x, 47 p. : 3 boxes, 8 tab.|
|Publisher||Water, Engineering and Development Centre, Loughborough University of Technology, WEDC|
|Place Published||Loughborough, UK|
|Keywords||case studies, ghana accra, investment, low-income communities, millennium development goals, private sector, sdiafr, sdiman, sdiurb, small-scale activities, sudan khartoum, tanzania dar es salaam, urban areas, water supply, water vendors|
The book includes accounts of fieldwork undertaken in a number of African cities on the contribution of Small Water Enterprises (SWEs) to water services for the urban poor. The case studies come from Dar es Salaam (Tanzania); Nairobi (Kenya); Khartoum (Sudan) and Accra (Ghana). Generally SWEs have been overlooked by governments and international agencies even though they have proved themselves economically viable, and often operate in competitive conditions. They extend water services to informal settlements that have little prospect of being supplied with piped water from the local utility.