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Measuring rural water supply access in Cambodia : findings from a comparative analysis of Cambodian national surveys, project report

The Cambodia Rural Water Supply Coverage Analysis Project was implemented at the request of the World Bank’s Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) and the Ministry of Rural Development (MRD). It aims to verify major gaps between data obtained from the Ministry of Planning for the period of 1996 - 2005 and coverage trends at the provincial and national levels based on official data and research using Socio-Economic Survey data.
The project was formulated in response to the release of two national data sets, showing a marked discrepancy in rural water supply coverage rates between them. Specifically, the Cambodia Inter-censal Population Survey (CIPS) showed that 39.6% of the rural population has access to safe water, while the Cambodia Socio Economic Survey (CSES) showed that 60.1% of the rural population has access to safe water; a difference of more than 20 percentage points.
Some of the recommendations highlighted in this publication are: 1) government and sector agencies should formulate an official definition of access to rural water supply services. This definition should encompass the classification of improved and unimproved sources, as well as considerations of water quantity and source accessibility. It is recommended that the definition take into account (but does not necessarily copy) existing internationally accepted definitions, 2) the use of the terms "safe water source" and "unsafe water source" in official targets and definitions should be abandoned in favour of "improved source" and "unimproved source".

TitleMeasuring rural water supply access in Cambodia : findings from a comparative analysis of Cambodian national surveys, project report
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsLevisay, M., Sameth, C.
Paginationxii, 31 p. : boxes, fig., tab.
Date Published2006-06-01
PublisherWater and Sanitation Program - South Asia
Place PublishedPhnom Penh, Cambodia
Keywordsaccess to water, cambodia, comparative analysis, evaluation, rural areas, safe water supply, sdiasi, sdiman, water sources
Abstract

The Cambodia Rural Water Supply Coverage Analysis Project was implemented at the request of the World Bank’s Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) and the Ministry of Rural Development (MRD). It aims to verify major gaps between data obtained from the Ministry of Planning for the period of 1996 - 2005 and coverage trends at the provincial and national levels based on official data and research using Socio-Economic Survey data.
The project was formulated in response to the release of two national data sets, showing a marked discrepancy in rural water supply coverage rates between them. Specifically, the Cambodia Inter-censal Population Survey (CIPS) showed that 39.6% of the rural population has access to safe water, while the Cambodia Socio Economic Survey (CSES) showed that 60.1% of the rural population has access to safe water; a difference of more than 20 percentage points.
Some of the recommendations highlighted in this publication are: 1) government and sector agencies should formulate an official definition of access to rural water supply services. This definition should encompass the classification of improved and unimproved sources, as well as considerations of water quantity and source accessibility. It is recommended that the definition take into account (but does not necessarily copy) existing internationally accepted definitions, 2) the use of the terms "safe water source" and "unsafe water source" in official targets and definitions should be abandoned in favour of "improved source" and "unimproved source".

Notes8 ref. - Includes summary in Cambodian language
Custom 1822

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