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Promoting sanitation and hygiene to rural households : the experience of the Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region (SNNPR), Ethiopia

Synthesis of the case study on Sanitation and Hygiene in the Southern Nations region (‘SNNPR’) of Ethiopia carried out in 2007 to look at how success was achieved after this sanitation and hygiene initiative of the SNNPR government was initially brought to international attention as a success story by a field note of the Water and Sanitation Program.In 2003 Ethiopia's SNNPR bureau of health began a new community health strategy including sanitation and hygiene. The bureau of health focused on a small number of 'broad-based, low-cost and high impact oriented' public health interventions in order to improve the status of basic health across the region. The approach was aimed at reaching households via (employed) health extension workers and (volunteer) community health promoters. One important element of this approach was the promotion of basic latrine construction and improvement of hygiene practices. The new bureau of health strategy put emphasis on raising awareness of households on sanitation and hygiene and encouraging each household to take responsibility for action. Once households were convinced of the importance of sanitation and hygiene facilities, they were encouraged to construct them from locally available materials. Hardware subsidies were not provided. Households were to start from traditional pit latrines and, subsequently, upgrade their standard as awareness grew and opportunity allowed

TitlePromoting sanitation and hygiene to rural households : the experience of the Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region (SNNPR), Ethiopia
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsNewborne, P., Smet, J.E.M.
Secondary TitleSynthesis papers / RiPPLE
Paginationv, 22 p. : boxes, fig., photogr.
Date Published2008-07-01
PublisherRiPPLE, Research-inspired Policy and Practice Learning in Ethiopia and the Nile region
Place PublishedAddis Ababa, Ethiopia
Keywordscase studies, construction, ethiopia, extension, hand washing, health education, kap surveys, latrines, policies, sdiafr, sdihyg, water storage
Abstract

Synthesis of the case study on Sanitation and Hygiene in the Southern Nations region (‘SNNPR’) of Ethiopia carried out in 2007 to look at how success was achieved after this sanitation and hygiene initiative of the SNNPR government was initially brought to international attention as a success story by a field note of the Water and Sanitation Program.In 2003 Ethiopia's SNNPR bureau of health began a new community health strategy including sanitation and hygiene. The bureau of health focused on a small number of 'broad-based, low-cost and high impact oriented' public health interventions in order to improve the status of basic health across the region. The approach was aimed at reaching households via (employed) health extension workers and (volunteer) community health promoters. One important element of this approach was the promotion of basic latrine construction and improvement of hygiene practices. The new bureau of health strategy put emphasis on raising awareness of households on sanitation and hygiene and encouraging each household to take responsibility for action. Once households were convinced of the importance of sanitation and hygiene facilities, they were encouraged to construct them from locally available materials. Hardware subsidies were not provided. Households were to start from traditional pit latrines and, subsequently, upgrade their standard as awareness grew and opportunity allowed

Notes15 ref.
Custom 1824, 304, 203.2

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