|Title||Forming Rural Utility Groups and Leases (FRUGAL) : review of the literature|
|Year of Publication||2007|
|Publisher||Water and Sanitation Program - African Region|
|Place Published||Nairobi, Kenya|
|Keywords||hand pumps, institutional aspects, literature reviews, maintenance, operation, private sector, rural supply systems|
This report provides a review of the literature on experiences with domestic private sector participation (PSP) in the provision of community water supplies in dispersed rural areas. The results are intended to support the further development of the PSP model developed by the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) called Forming Rural Utility Groups and Leases (FRUGAL).
The first section of the report is a review of secondary literature on private operators in rural water supply.
The second section presents a typology, based on a review of thirty-three initiatives, of PSP in operation and maintenance of rural water supply. Two main categories of PSP are distinguished:
Within the second category, several types of private operator are distinguished:
|Custom 1||202.3, 205.2|
|Original Publication||A global review of private operator experiences in rural areas : private operator models for community water supply|