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Institutional mapping and analysis of WASH services and costs

Preparing this document “Institutional Mapping of WASH services in Andhra Pradesh” is envisaged as a process of capacity building and reflection among the WASHCost team and its partners. The main objective of this paper is to project a picture of policies, programs and practices on WASH services in the state, to the reader. An attempt was made to understand various dimensions of WASH services in the state. Based on a systematic review of available literature (policy documents; earlier research and reviews; data from web sites); interactions/ meetings/ workshops with several senior government officers; rapid assessment of WASH services in selected villages, this paper is prepared.  The process of preparing this paper clearly brought out that there are several dimensions to cost of WASH services, such as – financial costs (capital/ operational and maintenance); environmental costs; social costs (burden/ equity/ exclusion related); institutional costs.  Common Information Framework (CIF) of WASHCost project is aiming at identifying key parameters of “costing the WASH services” such as capital costs for hardware and software; source creation; operation and maintenance costs; direct and indirect support costs; supplementary house hold level costs. While the CIF is being conceptualized and developed, the paper on institutional mapping of WASH Services is expected to explain the context in which the project is located. The paper is also expected to suggest methodological and operational issues related to action research components of WASH project. Traditionally surface water bodies such as streams, tanks, rivers, ponds were used for drinking water purposes in the state. After independence in 1947, the responsibility of providing drinking water became the mandate of the state. Panchayati Raj and Engineering Department (PRED), GoAP has the mandate of providing safe drinking water to rural population of the state. Rural Water Supplies and Sanitation Department (RWSS) is part of PRED. The responsibility of planning, execution and maintenance of various drinking water supply schemes was largely with Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Department, GoAP. Several state governments including Government of Andhra Pradesh largely followed the guidelines/ framework of Central Government in the context of Drinking Water and Sanitation. Accelerated Rural Water Supply Schemes, Swajaldhara, Sector Reforms in Drinking Water Sector; Total Sanitation Campaign are some of these policies and scheme that were adapted  by RWSS, GoAP. However, the local experiences in Andhra Pradesh in drinking water and sanitation sector are prominent in the country. These experiences provided useful lessons for the entire country. While following the norms and policy directions, RWSS Department, GoAP was able to establish its own course of direction in defining its own mandate and vision.  [authors abstract]

TitleInstitutional mapping and analysis of WASH services and costs
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsWASHCost team, Hyderabad, IN
Secondary TitleWASHCost-CESS Working Paper
Volume4
Pagination55 p. : 3 boxes,1 fig., 16 tab.
Date Published2008-11-01
PublisherWASHCost team, Hyderabad, IN
Place PublishedHyderabad, India
Keywordscosts, hygiene, india andhra pradesh, institutional aspects, maintenance, operation, safe water supply, sanitation, sdiasi, sdiman, WASHCost, water quality, water quantity
Abstract

Preparing this document “Institutional Mapping of WASH services in Andhra Pradesh” is envisaged as a process of capacity building and reflection among the WASHCost team and its partners. The main objective of this paper is to project a picture of policies, programs and practices on WASH services in the state, to the reader. An attempt was made to understand various dimensions of WASH services in the state. Based on a systematic review of available literature (policy documents; earlier research and reviews; data from web sites); interactions/ meetings/ workshops with several senior government officers; rapid assessment of WASH services in selected villages, this paper is prepared.  The process of preparing this paper clearly brought out that there are several dimensions to cost of WASH services, such as – financial costs (capital/ operational and maintenance); environmental costs; social costs (burden/ equity/ exclusion related); institutional costs.  Common Information Framework (CIF) of WASHCost project is aiming at identifying key parameters of “costing the WASH services” such as capital costs for hardware and software; source creation; operation and maintenance costs; direct and indirect support costs; supplementary house hold level costs. While the CIF is being conceptualized and developed, the paper on institutional mapping of WASH Services is expected to explain the context in which the project is located. The paper is also expected to suggest methodological and operational issues related to action research components of WASH project. Traditionally surface water bodies such as streams, tanks, rivers, ponds were used for drinking water purposes in the state. After independence in 1947, the responsibility of providing drinking water became the mandate of the state. Panchayati Raj and Engineering Department (PRED), GoAP has the mandate of providing safe drinking water to rural population of the state. Rural Water Supplies and Sanitation Department (RWSS) is part of PRED. The responsibility of planning, execution and maintenance of various drinking water supply schemes was largely with Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Department, GoAP. Several state governments including Government of Andhra Pradesh largely followed the guidelines/ framework of Central Government in the context of Drinking Water and Sanitation. Accelerated Rural Water Supply Schemes, Swajaldhara, Sector Reforms in Drinking Water Sector; Total Sanitation Campaign are some of these policies and scheme that were adapted  by RWSS, GoAP. However, the local experiences in Andhra Pradesh in drinking water and sanitation sector are prominent in the country. These experiences provided useful lessons for the entire country. While following the norms and policy directions, RWSS Department, GoAP was able to establish its own course of direction in defining its own mandate and vision.  [authors abstract]

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